Many noticed that a computer with the Windows operating system installed, after a while, starts to work worse and worse. And even if you do not install applications that try to register at startup, the computer still slows down. If you also noticed this with your computer, then this article will help you figure out what’s what. Indeed, there can be quite a lot of reasons for slow work. I will show 11 ways that will help to significantly speed up the computer during boot and during work.
Find demanding applications
The computer is slow because one of the applications uses too many available resources. One of the processes can use up to 99% of the processor resources. Or the application may experience a memory leak and use a large amount of RAM, causing the computer to access the page file. Also, the application can occupy the hard disk with a large number of read and write operations, as a result of which the entire disk subsystem is experiencing problems and the computer is called "slows down".
To find out which of the computer’s resources are "bottle neck" when it is slow, open the task manager. To do this, right-click on the taskbar and select the option Task Manager or press the keyboard shortcut Ctrl Shift Escape. In the operating systems Windows 8, 8.1 and 10, an updated Task Manager, in which a modernized interface that highlights applications in different colors that use many resources. Click alternately on the columns CPU, Memory and Disk, sorting the applications in descending order each time. In each of 3 times, you will see at the top of the list the applications that use the most resources. This is the reason for the slow operation of the computer, which gave almost all the resources to this application or several applications.
If any application uses too many resources, you can close it. To do this, select the corresponding line and right-click. In the context menu, select Remove task.
Close programs in the system tray
Sometimes quite a lot of applications are hanging idle in the system tray on the taskbar. These applications often remain running in the background when the system boots. If you want to see all the applications in the tray, click on the up arrow to the left of the taskbar.
In the case when you do not need the application, right-click on its icon and terminate its operation. This operation will free up some more resources.
Disable programs at startup
Significant resource savings can be obtained if you turn off unused applications at startup. Perhaps this is one of the best ways to speed up the process of loading a computer.
On Windows 8, 8.1, and 10 operating systems, an autoload manager is built into Task Manager. Open Task Manager as described above. Click on the tab Autoload and disable the launch of applications that you do not need. You can disable applications either by clicking Disable, or by calling the context menu and select Disable.
On Windows 7, the startup manager is part of the snap-in. system configuration, which can be opened by calling the window Run and having written in it msconfig.
Turn off visual effects
Windows uses quite a few visual effects, which can significantly slow down "weak" a computer.
For visual effects, press a key combination Windows key X or right click on the button START and select System. Next, click on the link. Additional system parameters, and then in the window that opens, click on the button Parameters In chapter Performance. Select item Provide the best performance. for better performance, which will turn off all visual effects. Or experiment with effects by disabling only some of them. For example, leave the checkboxes enabled only for Casting shadows with desktop icons and Smoothing irregularities in screen fonts.
Making the browser faster
If you more often than other applications use a web browser while sitting at a computer, then you probably have a bunch of add-ons and extensions that can slow down the web browser.
Analyze the installed extensions and add-ons for your web browser and decide on the removal of those that you do not need.
Scan for malware
It is worth checking your computer for viruses, trojans, worms and other malicious programs. Working in the background, the virus can consume a significant amount of resources, thereby slowing down the computer. Even the opening advertising windows of a web browser slow down. If you have an antivirus installed, try downloading a free antivirus scanner and scanning your entire computer. For these purposes, Kaspersky Security Scan or Dr.Web CureIt is quite suitable.
For greater security, I advise you to read the article. What is the best antivirus for Windows 10?
Free up more disk space
If your hard drive is almost full, then this is usually the reason for the slow operation of the computer. I advise you not to fill the logical drives entirely to zero, but always leave 2-4 GB of unallocated space on each partition. To free up additional space on your hard drive, follow the instructions: 7 ways to free up space on your hard drive in Windows. If the disk is still full to the end even without your intervention, then you need to look for reasons why this is happening and which application takes up free space. As mentioned above, the Task Manager will help you track the problem application.
Defragment your hard drive
Defragmenting your hard drive is not really an urgent need in modern versions of Windows. The operating system, starting with Windows 7 and above, will automatically defragment the hard drives in the background. Solid state drives do not need traditional defragmentation at all. Although modern versions of Windows will optimize them, it’s impossible to call this process defragmentation.
But if you still want to defragment the hard disk, I advise you to first analyze the disk, after which you decide whether to defragment the disk or not. The defragmentation process usually takes from several hours to two or more days, depending on its capacity.
I do not recommend optimizing a solid-state drive even if you really want to. Find out why you can article Do I need to optimize SSD or Windows will do it for you.
Delete unused programs
Open Control Panel, find the list of installed programs and remove those that you are not using. This can help speed up the computer, since programs can include background processes, have entries in startup, contain system services, have context menu items, and more. over, the security of the system as a whole will only benefit from this. For example, why do we need a Java package installed if we don’t need it. And this is an additional loophole in the security system. Therefore, I advise you to clean the list of installed programs and continue to be careful about what you install on your computer.
Increase the swap file
The Windows operating system itself determines the size of the page file and the hard drive on which it is stored. This is usually an operating system drive. The swap file in this case, as a rule, is equal to the size of the installed RAM in the computer. For better performance, I recommend that you double the size of the paging file at least. In addition, I advise you to transfer the swap file from the system logical partition to another partition, if one exists.
For example, if I have 4 GB of installed RAM in the system, the operating system is located on the C: drive, then I distributed the page file on the E: drive and set it to 8192 MB in size. For drive C: selected option No swap file.
PC factory settings / Reinstalling Windows
If all of the above tips did not fix the problem of slow computer operation, then you need to try to reset Windows to the state as if it had just been installed.
In modern versions of Windows 8, 8.1, and 10, this operation is called Restore the computer to its original state. Now you do not have to look for the installation disk with the operating system and reinstall the system from it. You can do this with the click of a button. To begin. In this case, you will have the opportunity to save your personal files on the disk with the operating system if they are there.
Following all these tips, you will be pleasantly surprised at how much faster your computer will work. If, however, the performance of your computer does not please with its speed, it’s probably time to think about upgrading its components, or maybe replacing it entirely.