Configuring a Wi-Fi router is carried out in its control panel via the web interface. Therefore, access to the configuration change can be obtained through any browser. To do this, just open the page 192.168.0.1 or 192.168.1.1 (depending on the model of the router). Next, you will need to enter a username and password. By default, both of these parameters are admin.
If the standard username and password do not fit, and you did not change this data, they could be changed by the wizard when connecting or configuring the Internet. For security reasons, some providers change the default login information. In this case, they can be found in the contract or at the bottom of the router, on a separate sticker.
Advice! Do not forget to change the data to enter the settings of the Wi-Fi router. You can do this in the System Tools.> Password".
Changing the password will significantly protect the network and help prevent unauthorized access or reset. Settings will take effect after rebooting the device.
If authorization in the control panel of the router is successful, the status page will open, which displays basic data about the router, data on Wi-Fi wireless broadcasting and the status of the current Internet connection.
Preset for port forwarding
Before forwarding, you must change the settings for the distribution of local IP addresses within the network created by the TP-Link router. The device on which the open port will be used in the future must be set to a fixed internal address. DHCP is responsible for addressing within the local network, so you need to open the “DHCP.> DHCP Client List. " This window displays a list of devices connected to your network. We search for the desired device by name and copy its MAC address.
In the case shown in the screenshot, it was not difficult to find the necessary device, since only one device was registered in the home network. However, there are situations when a significant number of devices are connected to the network, and the name of the required computer is unknown or not displayed. In this case, you can find out the address of the computer directly through the operating system. The easiest way is to use a special command on the command line.
Press the WinR keys to open the new program execution window. Enter cmd in it and click OK.
After entering the getmac command, you will receive the necessary data, which will be needed in the future to forward ports on the TP-Link router.
If an error occurs while executing the command, it is recommended to repeat the operation by running the command line as administrator.
After that it is necessary to open the menu “DHCP.> DHCP Settings. " This page will display the range of IP addresses within which computers of your network are addressed. In the case in the screenshot, the starting address is 192.168.0.100, and the ending address is 192.168.0.199. These data will be needed in the next step.
Next, you need to open the page "DHCP.> Reservation of addresses ”and press the button“ Add new. ”. Without completing this step, port forwarding on the TP-Link router will not bring the desired result, since a new local address will be assigned to the computer each time.
In the MAC Address field, paste the combination that you copied from the list of DHCP clients or the command line. In the Reserved IP Address field, enter any address that falls into the range specified in the TP-Link DHCP router settings. Click the "Save" button.
The added binding of the MAC address to IP will appear in the list, but for the normal operation of address reservation, you will need to restart the Wi-Fi router, which the system will warn you about.
You can reboot the TP-Link router programmatically in the System Tools.> Reboot. "
Opening ports on a TP-Link router
After completing these preparatory steps, you can begin to open ports directly. In order to open them on the TP-link router, go to the “Forwarding.> Virtual Servers ”and select add new record
Fill in the fields with port numbers. In the IP address field, enter the value that you reserved for your computer. If necessary, select a protocol. In the “Status” field, leave the “Enabled” checkbox selected so that the settings take effect immediately after the Wi-Fi router is rebooted. If you want to forward the standard ports of one of the services, you can do this by selecting the required service in the last drop-down list. There is no fundamental difference between manual entry and a choice from the list, but this function can come in handy if you do not remember the port number that you need to open.
TP-Link Wi-Fi Router offers the following services for which you can forward standard ports:
The maximum number that can be opened on TP-Link is 65535.
In some cases, it may not be necessary to forward normally, but to dynamically open ports in response to an incoming event. You can configure this function in the next menu: “Forwarding.> Port Triggering. " The most common area of application for this setting is working with complex applications that receive many incoming connections (online games, Internet telephony, and video conferencing applications). To create a new Port Triggering entry, click Add New.
In the window that opens, you can configure the launch rules. For example, with the settings specified in the screenshot, port 7319 will be opened at the time of accessing port 3812. As in the case when direct forwarding is performed, you can select the standard rule for one of the applications of the predefined list.
Solving possible problems with port forwarding
Do not forget that by transferring port 80, which is standard for the HTTP protocol, you may lose access to the control panel of the router. In order to avoid this situation, you must first change the control port of the router if you intend to forward port 80. To do this, go to the "Security.> Remote Management ”and in the“ Web Management Port ”field, set a different value. In the future, you can access the control panel of the router with the indication of a new port. For example, if port 777 is specified, you can open the Wi-Fi router control at 192.168.0.1:777.
Important! If, when port forwarding, you entered incorrect settings or forgot the password for entering the admin panel of the router, it is recommended to reset to factory settings using the button on the device.