Users who actively use the Internet not only for entertainment, sometimes encounter problems accessing an IP camera or FTP server, the inability to download something from a torrent, crashes in the operation of IP telephony, and the like. In most cases, such problems mean closed access ports on the router, and today we want to introduce you to the ways to open them.
Port Opening Methods
First of all, let’s say a few words about ports. A port is a connection point to a network of a computer, application, or a connected device such as a camera, VoIP station, or cable TV box. For the applications and external equipment to work correctly, the ports must be opened and the data flow redirected to them.
The port forwarding operation, like other router settings, is performed through the web configuration utility. It opens as follows:
- Launch any browser and type 192.168.0.1 or 192.168.1.1 in its address bar. If navigating to the specified addresses does not lead to anything, this means that the IP of the router has been changed. You need to know the actual value, and the material will help you with this at the link below.
Read more: How to find out the IP address of a router A login and password entry window will appear for accessing the utility. In most routers, the default data for authorization is admin, if this parameter has been changed, enter the current combination, then click "OK" or key Enter.
Further actions depend on the manufacturer of the router. consider the example of the most popular models.
It should be noted that the network devices from the Taiwanese corporation on the market have two types of web interfaces: the old version and the new one, also known as ASUSWRT. They differ primarily in appearance and in the presence / absence of some parameters, but in general they are almost identical. As an example, we will use the latest version of the interface.
For the function to work correctly on ACUS routers, you need to set the computer a static IP. Follow the instructions below.
- Open the web configurator. Click on item "The local network", and then go to the tab "DHCP server".
Next, find the option Enable Manual Assignment and switch it to "Yes".
Then in the block "List of manually assigned IP addresses" find the list MAC Address, in which select your computer and click on its address to add.
See also: How to see the MAC address of a computer on Windows 7
Wait until the router reboots and proceed directly to port forwarding. It happens as follows:
- In the main menu of the configurator, click on the option "The Internet", then click on the tab Port Forwarding.
In block "Basic settings" enable port forwarding by checking the option "Yes" opposite the corresponding parameter.
If you need to forward ports for a specific service or online game, use the drop-down menus List of Favorite Servers for the first category, and List of Favorite Games for the second. When you select any position from the specified lists, a new one will be automatically added to the rules table. you just have to click on the button Add and apply the settings.
For manual forwarding, refer to Port Forwarding List. The first parameter to set is Service Name: it should include the name of the application or the purpose of port forwarding, for example, "Torrent", "IP camera".
In field Port Range specify either the specific port you need, or several according to the following scheme: first value: last value For security reasons, it is not recommended to set the range too large.
Next go to the field Local IP Address. in it, enter the static computer IP specified earlier.
Value "Local port" must match the value of the starting position of the port range.
Next, select the protocol over which data will be transmitted. For IP cameras, for example, you should select "TCP". In some cases, you need to set a position "BOTH".
If you need to forward several ports, repeat the above procedure with each.
The procedure for opening ports on Huawei manufacturer’s routers is carried out according to the following algorithm:
- Open the device’s web interface and go to the section "Advanced". Click on item "NAT" and go to the tab "Port Mapping".
To start entering a new rule, click "New" top right.
Scroll to block "Settings". here the necessary parameters are entered. First mark the type "Customization", then on the list "Interface" select your internet connection. as a rule, its name begins with the word INTERNET.
Parameter "Protocol" set as "TCP / UDP", if you don’t know what specific type you need. Otherwise, select the one you want to connect the application or device.
In field "External Start Port" Enter the port to open. If you need to forward the range of ports, then enter the initial value of the range in the specified line, and in "External End Port". final.
Line "Internal host" responsible for the IP address of the computer. enter it. If you do not know this address, the article below will help you find it out.
See also: How to find out the IP address of a computer AT "Internal Port" you need to enter the number of the port to open or the first value for the range.
Done. The port / port range is open on the Huawei router.
Port forwarding on the Tenda router is a very simple operation. Do the following:
- Go to the configuration utility, then click on the option in the main menu "Advanced".
Here we need a settings block called "Port Forwarding". In line "Internal IP" you need to enter the local address of the computer.
Port settings in the section "Internal port" quite curious. the main ports are signed for services like FTP and remote desktop. If you need to open a non-standard port or enter a range, select the option "Manual", then enter a specific number in the line.
In line "External port" write down exactly the same value as in the previous step for a specific port. For the range, write the end value number.
The next parameter is "Protocol". Here the situation is the same as for port forwarding on a Huawei router: you do not know which one is needed. leave the option "Both", know. install the right one.
As you can see, the operation is really simple.
Netis routers are very similar to ASUS devices, so you should also start the procedure for opening ports for these routers by setting a static IP.
- After entering the web configurator, open the block "Network" and click on the item "LAN".
Now move on to port forwarding.
- Open the main menu item Forwarding and click on the subsection "Virtual server".
The required section is called "Configuring Virtual Server Rules". In point "Description" type in any suitable name for the forwarding you are creating. it is best to specify the target or program for which you are opening the port. In line IP address write down the previously reserved static IP of the computer.
In the list "Protocol" Set the type of connection that the program or device uses. If a protocol is not specified for them, you can leave the option "All", but keep in mind that this is unsafe.
Options “External port” and "Inland Port" Responsible for inbound and outbound ports. Enter the appropriate values or ranges in the indicated fields.
After rebooting the router, a new rule will be added to the list of virtual servers, which means a successful opening of ports.
The procedure for opening ports on TP-Link routers also has its own characteristics. One of our authors has already covered them in detail in a separate article, so we, in order not to repeat ourselves, simply provide a link to it.
Opening ports on D-Link routers is also not too difficult. We already have material on the site that covers this manipulation in detail. you can learn more about it from the instructions below.
Provider Rostelecom provides users with its own branded routers with proprietary firmware. On such devices, you can also open ports, and it is almost easier than on similar routers. The corresponding procedure is described in a separate manual, which we recommend that you familiarize yourself with.
Checking open ports
You can check whether the forwarding was successful by various means. One of the simplest is the 2IP online service, which we will use.
- After opening the site, find the link on the page Port Check and click on it.
Enter in the field the port number that was opened on the router, and click "Verify".
You can find other port verification services at the link below.
We introduced you to typical port forwarding procedures on popular router models. As you can see, operations do not require any specific skills or experience from the user and even a novice can cope with them.
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